What can regular exercise do?
Interesting and useful effects
Probably, even people far from medicine have heard of such a concept as hypoxia, that is, a decrease in the level of oxygen in the body, which, in fact, is a consequence of respiratory arrest. But not everyone is familiar with hypercarnia – an increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide. Physiological changes during breath holding are primarily aimed at more efficient oxygen consumption.
The result of systematic and correct training for controlled breath holding are processes that have a positive effect on the general state of human health.
• new capillaries are formed and reserve capillaries open, vessels become more elastic;
• increased blood function associated with oxygen transport;
• cerebral circulation improves, tolerance to hypoxia is progressively increased;
• the body’s resistance increases, that is, its resistance to the effects of all kinds of negative factors;
• antioxidant protection becomes more active;
• the regulation of the endocrine system improves and stress resistance increases.
This is not to say that breath hold training itself is a gaining momentum of the day. All kinds of breathing practices, among which there are many associated with holding the breath, can be found in the ancient healing of various traditions. Modern medicine also resorts to them when it comes to therapy, prevention and rehabilitation of various conditions.
Holding the breath for medical purposes
There is a whole line of treatment – hypoxic therapy with the use of devices that reduce the percentage of oxygen in the air that a person breathes. Its effectiveness has been proven in the treatment of chronic cardiovascular ailments, disorders in the functioning of the endocrine and immune systems, and in severe allergies.
This type of therapy is often resorted to during the preparatory measures before long anesthesia for complex surgical interventions, chemical and radiation therapy, as well as for rehabilitation, those who have been exposed to significant doses of radiation.
Breath-holding workouts are indicated for general strengthening of the body, optimization of the regulation of systems, and increasing physical and mental activity. It is no coincidence that they are used during training of specialists for work in difficult climatic conditions, to improve the abilities of professionals involved in the aviation field, space exploration and underground depths, as well as, of course, in sports.
Freediving, or breath-holding diving, is a separate sport, but such training often includes athletes of different disciplines striving for high achievements in their plan. In addition to improving physical fitness and increasing endurance, training allows you to keep your breathing under control and maintain the necessary relaxation in situations of severe stress, which is associated with any competition.